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Who will go to Bali?

Helping you learn Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia)

The Simplest Sentence in Indonesian

Tuesday, January 1, 2008

Similar to English, in Indonesian (known as Bahasa Indonesia), the simplest sentence consists of a subject and a predicate. The main difference is in Bahasa Indonesia the predicate must not be a verb. So there is no "to be" inside. Please consider the following examples:

Saya belajar.
I study.

Subject: Saya (I)
Predicate [verb]: belajar (study)

Dia lapar.
He (or She) is hungry.

Subject: Dia (He or She)
Predicate [adjective]: lapar (hungry)

Mereka di Bali.
They are in Bali.

Subject: Mereka (They)
Predicate [adverb of place]: di Bali (in Bali)

This is very simple, isn't it? If you want to add an object in a sentence, place it after predicate. Here’s the examples:

Saya mencintai kamu.
I love you.

Subject: Saya (I)
Predicate: mencintai (love)
Object: kamu (you)

Dia menulis surat.
He (or She) writes a letter.

Subject: Dia (He or She)
Predicate: menulis (writes)
Object: surat (a letter)

John membaca buku.
John reads a book.

Subject: John
Predicate: membaca (reads)
Object: buku (a book)


There are six kinds of subjects in Indonesian:

saya or aku (I), kamu (you), and dia (he/she/it)

kami (we), kalian (you), and mereka (they)


saya or ku (me), kamu (you), and dia (him/her/it)

kami (us), kalian (you), and mereka (them)

More Examples

Alex membenci mereka.
Alex hates them.

Kami menyukai dia.
We like him (or her).

Sarah pergi ke Bali.
Sarah goes to Bali.

Dia cantik.
She is beautiful.

Dia tampan.
He is handsome.


posted by Budi, 5:43 PM


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